The result is compile-time type checking without the heavy baggage carried by programmers in some other languages. ES5 was released in 2009 and is widely implemented in modern browsers. Therefore, the language version name now includes the year—for example, ES2015 was released in 2015, ES2016 was released node.js web development in 2016, and ES2017 was released in 2017. The striving for optimal efficiency is not just about the geeky satisfaction that comes from optimization. Handling more requests per second, as Node.js servers can do, means the difference between buying lots of servers and buying only a few servers.

Roughly speaking, the more servers you buy, the greater the cost, and the greater the environmental impact of having those servers. There’s a whole field of expertise around reducing costs and the environmental impact of running web server facilities, to which that rough guideline doesn’t do justice. The goal is fairly obvious—fewer servers, lower costs, and a reduced environmental impact through utilizing more efficient software.

How do I start with Node.js after I installed it?

They contrast this with the monolithic application deployment pattern where every aspect of the system is integrated into one bundle . The Promise object represents a result that is promised to be delivered in the future. By themselves, Promises can mitigate the callback hell problem, and they form part of the basis for async functions. The convention in Node.js is that the first parameter to a callback function is an error indicator, and the subsequent parameters are the results.

node.js web development

By contrast, an asynchronous API is one in which the API will start an operation and immediately return . Once the operation finishes, the API will use some mechanism to perform additional operations. For example, the code below will print out «Second, First» because even though setTimeout() method is called first, and returns immediately, the operation doesn’t complete for several seconds. Opinionated frameworks are those with opinions about the «right way» to handle any particular task. They often support rapid development in a particular domain because the right way to do anything is usually well-understood and well-documented. However they can be less flexible at solving problems outside their main domain, and tend to offer fewer choices for what components and approaches they can use.

The Callback Hell Issue

Now that you are acquainted with the pros and cons of Node JS development, let’s help you understand more about Node JS application development and where it stands compared to its counterparts. The API reference documentation provides detailed information about a function or object in Node.js. This documentation indicates what arguments a method accepts, the return value of that method, and what errors may be related to that method. It also indicates which methods are available for different versions of Node.js. The application is the solution assisting shop owners to distribute Offers and Gift Cards to users who have installed Reward application on their mobile devices. Finding and picking Gift Cards, inviting friends, co-workers to use Reward application and get Reward are the core functions Savvycom built for the app.

  • We can then access the properties and functions of the application object.
  • That’s the reason why Node.js Web Development is more preferred to create the high-performance application.
  • Node.js is a free, open-sourced, cross-platform JavaScript run-time environment that lets developers write command line tools and server-side scripts outside of a browser.
  • Node and the npm package manager are installed together from prepared binary packages, installers, operating system package managers or from source .

In the meantime, control returns to the event loop, which continues dispatching events. The Node.js architecture consists of asynchronous functions managed by an event loop triggering callback functions, rather than using threads and blocking I/O. This architecture has claimed performance benefits that seem to offer many benefits, including the ability to do more work with less hardware.

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Middleware is used extensively in Express apps, for tasks from serving static files to error handling, to compressing HTTP responses. Technically, it is neither a framework nor a programming language but an open-source JS run-time environment based on the asynchronous programming model. Instead, ES2017 async functions return us to this very natural expression of programming intent.

node.js web development

That’s the reason why Node.js Web Development is more preferred to create the high-performance application. Other dependencies, such as database drivers, template engines, authentication engines, etc. are part of the application, and are imported into the application environment using the npm package manager. Node and Express make it very easy to set up your computer in order to start developing web applications. This section provides an overview of what tools are needed, explains some of the simplest methods for installing Node on Ubuntu, macOS, and Windows, and shows how you can test your installation. Throughput of Node.js applications is ensuring that events are handled quickly. Because it uses a single execution thread, if that thread is bogged down with a big calculation, Node.js cannot handle events, and event throughput will suffer.

What version of Node/Express should you use?

To explain a little further, eslint src/js is a command that we could enter in our terminal/command line to run eslint on JavaScript files contained in the src/js directory inside our app directory. Including the above inside our app’s package.json file provides a shortcut for this command — lint. Express is a minimal and flexible Node.js web application framework that provides a robust set of features for web and mobile applications.

node.js web development

Node.js does some cool things, but what is more important is its technical merit. Interest in JavaScript itself remains very strong but has been at a plateau for years, measured in search volume and its use as a programming skill . Node.js interest has been growing rapidly, but is showing signs of plateauing. We set the statusCode property to 200, to indicate a successful response. The createServer() method of http creates a new HTTP server and returns it.


Like every technology, Node JS development comes with a few disadvantages. The ES6 section describes the three ES6 feature groups, and details which features are enabled by default in Node.js, alongside explanatory links. It also shows how to find which version of V8 shipped with a particular Node.js release. And this choice was affirmed by Walmart, Intel, NASA, IBM, Paypal, LinkedIn, and many more big cooperations.

node.js web development

You can also create your own modules that can be imported in the same way. The following sections explain some of the common things you’ll see when working with Express and Node code. Web frameworks often refer to themselves as «opinionated» or «unopinionated». Write handlers for requests with different HTTP verbs at different URL paths .

Additional Platforms

Threads add complexity to the application server as well as server overhead. For developing command-line tools used in software development, or communicating with service infrastructure. Grunt and Gulp are widely used by frontend developers to build assets for websites. Babel is widely used for transpiling modern ES-2016 code to run on older browsers. Popular CSS optimizers and processors, such as PostCSS, are written in Node.js. Static website generation systems such as Metalsmith, Punch, and AkashaCMS, run at the command line and generate website content that you upload to a web server.